What Is The Evening Star Candlestick Pattern?

Cryptocurrency trading is an exciting and dynamic world, with traders seeking to understand and predict market movements. One effective way to do this is by utilizing technical analysis, which includes studying various candlestick patterns. The evening star candlestick is one such pattern, known for its ability to signal a potential bearish reversal.

In this article, I will take a look at the key characteristics of the evening star pattern, how to trade with it, and the risks and benefits of using it in crypto trading.

What is the Evening Star Pattern? 

The Evening Star pattern consists of three candles: a large bullish candle, a small-bodied candle, and a bearish candle. It acts as a bearish indicator and signals a potential shift from an uptrend to a downtrend when the bearish candle closes below the midpoint of the first bullish candle.

A candle, or candlestick, is a type of price chart that is used as visual representation of price action during a given time frame.

It is typically used to either exit (sell) an existing long position or enter a short position.

Characteristics of the Evening Star Candlestick and How To Identify It

An example of an evening star candlestick pattern.
The evening star candlestick pattern.

The evening star candlestick is a bearish trend reversal pattern, which typically emerges after a bullish trend. It consists of three Japanese candlesticks:

  1. A bullish candle. This green candle* represents a strong upward price movement, indicating that buyers are in control.
  2. A small-bodied candle. This is a doji candle or a small green or red candle, which forms when the opening and closing prices are close together, suggesting indecision in the market.
  3. A bearish candle. This red candle signifies a downward price movement, showing that sellers are now dominating the market.

*Please note that on some charts, you might see a blue, black or white candle instead. All of these colors can be used to represent bullish candlesticks.

The pattern forms when the small-bodied candle gaps above the previous bullish candle, followed by a bearish candle that closes below the midpoint of the first candle. This pattern is considered more reliable if the bearish candle engulfs the (bullish) previous candle.

The opposite of the evening star candlestick is the morning star pattern. The morning star is a bullish reversal pattern that signals a potential trend reversal from a downtrend to an uptrend. It consists of three candlesticks: a bearish candle, a small-bodied candle, and a bullish candle.

Morning star candlestick pattern.
The morning star candlestick pattern.

The morning star pattern forms when the small-bodied candle gaps below the previous bearish candle, followed by a bullish candle that closes above the midpoint of the first candle. Like the evening star pattern, the morning star pattern is considered more reliable if the bullish candle engulfs the bearish candle.

An Example of the Evening Star Candlestick Pattern

Evening star patterns are more or less common in both the stock market and the crypto market. Instead of looking at any specific example, let’s imagine a hypothetical scenario of a trader wanting to sell their Bitcoin or exchange their BTC for another cryptocurrency.

Let’s say the price of Bitcoin has been experiencing a strong uptrend over the past few days. As the price continues to rise, a large bullish candle forms, representing a day of significant gains for Bitcoin. This bullish candle indicates that buyers are in control and driving the price higher, so our trader decides to keep holding their funds.

On the following day, a small-bodied candle (doji or a small green or red candle) appears. This candle signifies that the market participants are indecisive, and the price movement is limited. The small-bodied candle gaps above the previous day’s bullish candle, suggesting that the upward momentum may be slowing down and there are bearish signals.

Finally, on the third day, a large bearish candle forms, closing below the midpoint of the first day’s bullish candle. This third candlestick is crucial in completing the evening star pattern and confirming the bearish reversal. This newly formed pattern serves as a bearish confirmation and indicates that sellers have taken control, pushing the price downwards. Our trader sees this as an opportunity to exit their BTC position.

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This formation of a bullish candle, followed by a small-bodied candle, and then a bearish candle is the evening star candlestick pattern. In this hypothetical example, the appearance of this pattern in the Bitcoin market suggests that the uptrend may be reversing, and a downtrend could be on the horizon. Traders who recognize this pattern might decide to take profit or enter short positions, anticipating a bearish market movement.

How to Trade with the Evening Star Candlestick Pattern

To effectively trade with the evening star candlestick, follow these steps:

  1. Identify the pattern. Look for a bullish trend followed by the formation of the evening star pattern, which should signal a potential trend reversal.
  2. Confirm the pattern. To increase the reliability of the signal, wait for additional bearish candlestick patterns or other technical indicators that suggest a bearish reversal, such as resistance levels or trendlines.
  3. Set a stop loss. Place a stop-loss order above the highest point of the pattern to minimize potential losses if the trend reversal fails to materialize.
  4. Enter a short position. Once the pattern is confirmed and the stop loss is in place, enter a short position, anticipating that the price will drop.
  5. Monitor the trade. Keep an eye on the price movement and adjust the stop-loss and take-profit levels as needed.

The Risks and Benefits of Using the Evening Star Pattern in Crypto Trading

Just like any other method of analyzing charts and optimizing your trading, the evening star candlestick pattern has its risks and benefits. Be cautious and try to apply more than one technique of market analysis when making decisions.

Benefits:

  • Early warning sign. The evening star pattern gives an early indication of a potential trend reversal, allowing traders to react accordingly and capitalize on the bearish movement.
  • Increased probability of success. Combining the evening star pattern with other technical analysis tools can boost the likelihood of a successful trade.

Risks:

  • False signals. Like any technical analysis tool, the evening star pattern can occasionally produce false signals, leading to potential losses.
  • High volatility. Crypto markets are known for their high volatility, which can sometimes result in the pattern failing to predict a trend reversal accurately.

Conclusion

The evening star candlestick is a powerful bearish reversal pattern that can help traders identify potential trend reversals in the crypto market. By understanding its characteristics, using it in conjunction with other technical analysis tools, and being aware of the risks and benefits, traders can improve their chances of success. As with any trading strategy, it is essential to manage risk and maintain discipline to achieve consistent results.

FAQ

What is the evening star candlestick pattern?

The evening star candlestick is a bearish reversal pattern that typically signals a potential reversal from an uptrend to a downtrend. It consists of three candles: a long bullish candle, a small-bodied indecision candle, and a bearish candle.

This bearish candlestick pattern indicates that bullish momentum is losing strength, and bearish sentiment is taking over, potentially leading to a downtrend in the asset price.

What are the best bearish reversal patterns?

Some of the best bearish reversal patterns in financial markets include the evening star candles, bearish harami, shooting star, and bearish engulfing. These patterns help traders identify potential reversals in price uptrends, allowing them to take advantage of bearish market movements. Each pattern has its unique characteristics, but all of them signal a weakening of bullish momentum and a shift towards bearish sentiment.

Is the evening star pattern reliable?

The evening star candlestick is considered a relatively reliable bearish reversal signal, particularly when it appears after a strong uptrend and other technical indicators, such as resistance levels or price oscillators, confirm it. However, like all technical analysis tools, the evening star pattern may occasionally produce false signals. To mitigate this risk, traders should combine this pattern with other indicators and maintain strict risk management practices.

What is the morning star pattern?

The morning star pattern, being the opposite of the evening star candlestick, is a bullish reversal pattern. It signals a potential reversal from a downtrend to an uptrend in the financial markets. The pattern consists of three candles: a bearish (red or black) candle, a small-bodied indecision candle, and a bullish (green or white) candle. The morning star pattern indicates that bearish momentum is subsiding and bullish sentiment is taking over, potentially leading to an uptrend in the asset price.


Disclaimer: Please note that the contents of this article are not financial or investing advice. The information provided in this article is the author’s opinion only and should not be considered as offering trading or investing recommendations. We do not make any warranties about the completeness, reliability and accuracy of this information. The cryptocurrency market suffers from high volatility and occasional arbitrary movements. Any investor, trader, or regular crypto users should research multiple viewpoints and be familiar with all local regulations before committing to an investment.